Acronyms & Abbreviations - Bodybuilding Glossary

Discussion in 'General Bodybuilding' started by Jamie555, Jan 31, 2011.

  1. Jamie555

    Jamie555 Moderator Moderator

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    Please find below a list of common acronyms, abbreviations and colloquialisms used in bodybuilding and physical culture. Bodybuilding deals with the biomedical sciences, often at great detail,so although I have tried to be fairly comprehensive, you may come up with something not listed here. If so, please post your abbreviation that you don't understand and we will try and answer it here. If you find any mistakes, please post them here too!

    How to use this list
    If you want to quickly search for a term, use the search feature in your browser eg( Control + F ) and search for your word. Words separated by the semicolon (;) means that it is a different word for the same thing (a synonym).

    Those relating to bodybuilding
    1,4 Andro = Boldione
    1-Test = 1-Testosterone
    17 AA = 17 Alpha Alkylated Steroid
    1AD = 1-Androstenediol
    1RM = One-rep max
    3Alpha = 3Alpha-Androstanediol
    4-Diol = 4-Androstediol
    5-HT = Serotonin
    5AA = 5Alpha-Androstanediol
    5aR = 5-Alpha-Reductase ( an enzyme that converts Testosterone to DHT )
    AAS = Anabolic Androgenic Steroids
    AMPk = AMP kinase ; 5' AMP-activated protein kinase ; 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase
    AR = Androgen Receptor
    ATP = Adenosine TriPhosphate
    Andro = 4-Androstendione
    B2 = A beta-adrenergic subtype eg( a B2-Adrenoceptor agonist )
    BB = Body Builder or Body Building
    BB = Barbell
    BBB = Blood/Brain Barrier
    BF = BodyFat
    BF% = Percentage Body Fat
    BMI = Body Mass Index
    BMR = Basic Metabolic Rate
    BOR = Bent Over Rows
    BP = Blood Pressure
    BP = Body Part ( less often used than blood pressure )
    Bromo = Bromocriptine
    CAA = Chemically Augmented Athlete
    cAMP = Cyclic Adenosine MonoPhosphate ; cyclic AMP ; 3'-5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate
    CGBP = Close grip bench press
    CHO = Carbohydrate
    CNS = Central Nervous System
    COMT = Catechol-O-methyltransferase ( an enzyme that degrades catecholamines )
    Clen = Clenbuterol
    Cyp = Testosterone Cypionate
    DB = Dumbbell
    DBOL = Dianabol (Methandrostenolone)
    DECA = Nandrolone Decanoate
    DHT = Dihydrotestosterone
    DL= Deadlift
    DMSO = Dimethyl Sulfoxide - Topical enhancer/Topical anodyne
    DNP = Dinitrophenol
    DOMS = Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
    ECA = Ephedrine/Caffeine/Aspirin
    ED = Every Day
    EFA = Essential Fatty Acids (Omega 3 and 6 polyunsaturates)
    EMS ; NMES = Electro Muscle Stimulation
    eNOS = endothelial NOS
    EOD = Every Other Day
    EQ = Equipoise (Boldenone Undecylenate)
    ETC = Electron Transport Chain
    etc = etcetera (note the different case!)
    Eph = Ephedrine
    FFA= Free Fatty Acids
    FINA = Finaplix (Trenbolone Acetate)
    FSH = Follicle Stimulating Hormone
    GET = Gastric emptying time
    GH = Growth Hormone
    GI = Glycemic Index
    GIT = Gastro Intestinal Tract
    GSE = Grape Seed Extract
    GTE = Green Tea Extract
    Gyno = gynecomastia ; Bitch tits
    HGC = Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
    HIIT = High Intensity Interval Training
    HIT = High Intensity Training
    HPAA = Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal Axis
    HPTA = Hypothalamic Pituitary Testicular Axis
    HST= Hypertrophy Specific Training
    Halo = Halotestin
    IGF = Insulin Growth Factor
    II = Insulin Index
    im = intramuscularly ; intramuscular injection
    INJ = Inject ; Injection
    iNOS = inducible NOS
    IU = International Units
    LBM = Lean Body Mass
    LH = Luteinizing Hormone
    LSMPB = Later-stage Male Pattern Baldness
    MHR = Maximum Heart Rate
    MPB = Male Pattern Baldness
    NA ; NE ( for my american friends) = Noradrenaline ; Norepinephrine
    NOS = Nitric Oxide Synthase
    NYC = Norephedrine/Yohimbine hcl/Caffeine
    Nattie = Natural ; Non PED using athlete
    Nolva = Nolvaldex
    Nor-Diol = 19Nor-Androstenediol
    OHP = Over-Head Press
    OTC = Over The Counter
    Oxys ; Nap 50 = Oxymetholone ; Anapolon ; Anadrol
    PB = Personal best,
    PCT = Post Cycle Therapy
    PDE = PhosphoDiEsterase eg( the PDE3 Inhibitor - viagra )
    PED = Performance Enhancing Drug
    PH's = Pro-Hormones
    PIP = Post Injection Pain
    PNS = Peripheral Nervous System
    po = taken orally ; by mouth
    POM = Prescription Only Medicine
    PS = Phosphatidylserine
    Pep = Peptide
    PeriWO = Peri Work Out ; around the workout
    Pin = Needle used for injections
    PostWO = Post Work Out ; after the workout
    PreWO = Pre Work Out ; prior to the workout
    Primo = Primobolan, Primobolan Depot
    Prop = Testosterone Propionate
    RM = Rep Max eg( 1 Rep Max )
    RMR = Resting Metabolic Rate
    ROM = Range Of Motion
    SAMe = S-AdenosylMethionine
    SAT = Subcutanious Adipose Tissue
    SDL ; SLDL = Stiff legged deadlift
    SEG = Site Enhancement Gel
    SEO = Site Enhancement Oil ; Synthol
    SHBG= Steroid Hormone Binding Globulin
    SLIN = Insulin
    SM = Skeletal Muscle
    SMPS = Skeletal Muscle Protein Synthesis
    SU = Sodium Usniate ; a salt of Usnic Acid
    Spiro - spironolactone - an anti-androgen used topically to prevent hair loss, also a diuretic.
    SubQ = Subcutaneous ; Subcutaneous injection
    Sus = Sustanon
    T/E ratio = Testosterone/Estrogen
    T2 = Thyroid Hormone
    T3 = TriIodothyronine ; Thyroid Hormone ; Cytomel ; Liothyronine
    T4 = Thyroxine ( a Thyroid Hormone )
    TA = Trenbolone Acetate
    TBM = Total Body Mass ; Body Weight ; Weight
    TE ; ENTH = Testosterone Enanthate
    TENS = Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation ( a method of pain killing using electricity )
    Test = Testosterone
    Tren = Trenbolone
    TUT = Time Under Tension
    UA = Usnic Acid
    URTI = Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
    var = anavar
    VAT = Visceral Adipose Tissue
    VO2max = maximal oxygen consumption ; maximal oxygen uptake ; peak oxygen uptake ; aerobic capacity
    VVO2max = velocity at maximal oxygen uptake
    Winny = Winstrol-V ; Stanozolol
    YHCL = Yohimbine HCL

    Those used in Internet discussions
    AFAIK = As Far As I Know
    BTW = By the way
    Bump = A request for a re-stimulation of a discussion ; Back up to the top of the page
    FWIW = For What It's Worth
    GTG = Good to go
    IIRC = If I Remember Correctly
    IMHO = In My Humble Opinion
    IMO = In My Opinion
    IOW = In Other Words
    JK = Joke/Joking/Just Kidding
    JOOI = Just Out Of Interest
    JMO = Just my opinion
    JTOL= Just thinking out loud
    LMAO = Laughing my ass off
    LOL = Laugh out loud
    NPR = New personal record
    OMG = Oh my God
    OTOH = On The Other Hand
    PPR = Previous personal record
    PR = Personal record
    WTF = What The fvck
    YMMV = Your Mileage May Vary ; Your experiences may differ

    Abbreviations of measurement
    d = day
    wk = week
    mn = month
    yr = year

    Kg = Kilogram
    lb = Pound ( 1Kg = 2,2lb )
    mg = Milligram
    mcg ; µg = Micrograms

    ml = millilitre

    cm = centimetres (1inch = 2.54cm)

    Notations used in quantitative measurements

    Sometimes you may read a measurement or quantity in a protocol that says something like:

    Slin @ 5IU.d-1 SubQ means: Insulin at 5IU per day by subcutaneous injection


    4rep.set-1 . 3set.ex-1 . 5ex.bp-1 means: 4REPs per SET, 3SETs per EXercise, 5EXercises per BodyPart


    4wkout.wk-1 . 2hr.wkout-1 means: 4 workouts per week and each workout would be 2hours long

    This way of writing (notation) may look a little odd the first time you see it, but it allows one to quickly state quantitative protocols.

    I hope this is of use,
    Paul beale, Ross1961, Jstar and 16 others like this.
  2. tom0311

    tom0311 Full Member

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    You forgot one of the most important ones ;) PCT - Post cycle therapy.

    Apologies if I missed it.
    Simon likes this.
  3. Jamie555

    Jamie555 Moderator Moderator

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    Thanks Tom! How could I have forgotten that one.
    It's been added now.
  4. Smitch

    Smitch Top Contributor

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    And you missed another commonly used one...

    PHMG = PowerHouseMcGru :laugh:

    TinyTim and Philly_1 like this.
  5. control

    control Full Member

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    Another common one you missed is GTL, Gym, tan laundry!

    In all serious, i see GTG (Good to go) used frequently!
    Jamie555 likes this.


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    Good post Joshua,I cant see OHP (Overhead Press),sorry if I missed it!
    Jamie555 likes this.
  7. Cellaratt

    Cellaratt Full Member

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    Don't forget BB can mean Barbell...:)...
    Jamie555 likes this.
  8. Milky

    Milky Top Contributor

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    How long did that take, fair play for the effort mate...
  9. Jamie555

    Jamie555 Moderator Moderator

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    Added in those suggested,

    If you have other ones which come up in threads, just mention them, and I will add them in here as we go.

    It wasn't that bad actually, as I have built them up over quite a while. It's a never ending battle in many ways - as you can see, I missed a fair few out, and I am sure there will be more to come.

    Simon likes this.


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    BOR - Bentover Rows
    ROM - Range of Motion

    Another couple bud:)
    Jamie555 likes this.
  11. Stevo

    Stevo Top Contributor

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    can we add some descriptions of what terms mean?

    baseline weight
  12. Incredible Bulk

    Incredible Bulk Musclexcess Sponsored Athlete Competitor

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    you missed out FWIW

    For what its worth :D
  13. Jamie555

    Jamie555 Moderator Moderator

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    Cheers IB - Added.

    I have taken a shot at coming up with some definitions, but welcome opinions/variations, as I am no Dr Johnson. I feel a bit like Edmund Blackadder who was unhappy about his definition of an aardvark as a 'Medium sized insectivore with protruding nasal implement', and will care not a sausage :rolleyes: if my descriptions are condemned. I will add these, or the amended versions in a few days to the list above.

    Refeeds - A method for restoring of glycogen reserves after a glycogen depletion phase, as part of particular diet strategies. Can be used for several purposes, however a popular reason is to stop the body from slowing fat gains. The refeed frequency tends to increase the further ones current bodyfat levels decrease from those levels at which it will naturally gravitate towards (setpoint). Related concepts: Glycogen, Depletion, Leptin, Fatloss, Dieting.

    Baseline weight - I presume this refers to a weight which one is using as a reference point from which increases and decreases are given in reference to.

    Stevo and wilson1811 like this.
  14. kuju

    kuju Top Contributor

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    NIce work mate......but seemed to have forgotten "sausage"?
    Jamie555 likes this.
  15. Stevo

    Stevo Top Contributor

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    Cheers bro